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Revision as of 11:37, 4 January 2014 by Kingu (talk | contribs) (forgot network fix instructions)
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Pandian is an debian-based armhf desktop and CLI distro for your Pandora. Ideas, Bugs, or feature-requests? Report to:

Main Features

  • The debian way.
  • Access to all packages from Debian software repositories.
  • Pandian hosts its own Debian repo with up to date scripts, all settings and extra programs.
  • armhf-build, which means float operations are relegated to special hardware rather than taxing the main cpu with them (as with softfloat)

Pandian - MARK 2 The newest release

Second version of Pandian
Full Debian GNU/Linux based on sid branch with LXDE desktop environment (normal) or CLI (minimal-) build.
hardfloat armv7l yule release Date: 29.12.2013 forum link

Installation requirements

  • Pandora ;) All versions fine?
  • SD card minimum 2GB ( was tested with 4GB )
  • PC Linux|GNU, BSD, Mac, or Windows for putting the install on the aforementioned SD-card.

Download a version of Pandian

There are two different versions of the "MARK2" release:

Version Description Includes Link Checksums (sha256)
normal pandian for regular users, with full Desktop environment ( LXDE ) network-manager MediaPlayer ( mpd with gurlp ) nub-support calibrator-application medit Text editor. mpd audio player backend, glurp as frontend filedropper: pandian-mark2-hf2014-01-02 pandian-mark2-hf_2014-01-02.7z
pandian-mark2-hf_2014-01-02.7z 3731d70a4d8ec59e79a046f34f69c5c809be73e38cfc91a5b580478b8f8c222f
pandian-mark2-hf_2014-01-02.img 83b8d3fa5bd0588cfb8b11cfe6b827819e6311e98396a6e32c46c9692f072e96
minimal pandian without any Desktop environment but with the basic pandian package. Can be upgraded to "normal" ACPI support for brighter/darker-buttons, for lid and for low-power-mode. pdcmd nano, ceni network manager filedropper: pandian-mark2-minimal-hf_2014-01-03.7z pandian-mark2-minimal-hf_2014-01-03.7z
pandian-mark2-minimal-hf_2014-01-03.7z 9f5989d8fa4dec74c827b2f54a676edc61e83d2e913d5efbdd42c73ed2ad6165
pandian-mark2-minimal-hf_2014-01-03.img 2540eea88773342f1e6f68b7e4ff759ea8b36b9acee178c6c552a975621727d3


  • It is trivial to change from LXDE to Xfce (or any other desktop environment), adding a new user interface atop the minimal install is more advanced as manual setup of USB-Networking or wifi is needed to do so.
  • All images have automount ( for USB-Sticks, external Hard-Drives etc. ) and ALSA sound support

Verify that your download is OK

  • After you download the version you picked, verify its checksum to make sure the integrity of the downloaded file matches (in being an exact copy the one on the server)
  1. open up a terminal
  2. "sha256sum ~/downloads/pandian/<image.7Z>" (input where you have the file and the one you chose to download)
  3. make sure it matches the given md5sum, if not, try to download another copy. This step isnt mandatory, but its there to make sure everything is fine before we proceed.

Unzip the downloaded image

  • Unzipping 7z archives
  1. Open up a terminal (or do it your way)
  2. Enter"7zr e <image.7z>"
  3. You now have an unzipped image

(Optional) Preparation, find out where to install

This step helps you find out where the SD card is mounted.

If you have an build in SD-Card-Reader this is normally /dev/mmcblk0p1 ( in Debian ) If you have an USB-Card-Reader this is something like /dev/sdc ( in Debian )

  • Open an Terminal and input "lsblk"
  • You will get a list with the actual Block-Devices
  • The SD-Card should be of type 'disk'

You can also try gparted to see which devices you have and identify the SD-card from there

Install the image to the SD-Card

  1. Here it will be /dev/sdx

(note that its sd and then a letter, could be sdb''sdc or sdd and so on, lets say its sdc. This is the drive letter

Make sure not to include the following number, which is the partition sdc1 sdc2 etc. since we are using the base card here)

This means considerations for partitions and filesystem are taken care of, so no need to worry about that. Do not pick the wrong drive however, since dd will happily write the image to somewhere it isnt supposed to if you tell it to)

  1. Copy image to SD-Card with "dd if=<image.img> of=/dev/sdx"

You now have Pandian installed on your SD card and its ready to go. :) However after copying the image to the SD-Card resizing the partitionspartitions is needed to fully utilize the space, since by default the install is limited to 2GB. (If your card is bigger Pandian is still limited to those 2GB)

(Optional) Resize SD-Card

  • This can be done with gparted on linux|gnu
  • start gparted
The actual partitions of the SD-CARD. Please select the correct device at the top right corner.
Rightclick to the second partition and select Resize/Move
You see the actual Size of this partition
Move the slider to the right, or set "Free space following" to 0
After you press the "Resize/Move" button, you get the preview of the new partition structure
When you press "Apply all operations", youve got a warning that you can loss your Data.
Press Apply if everything is correct.
  • After everything is fine, you have your new fresh Pandian on you SD-Card

Startup wizard

  • Upon first boot of Pandian, there is a first-start-wizard which guides you through some basic settings.

Locale, timezone, time and date, password for admin and user setup and calibration of touchscreen. Located in /usr/sbin/pdSetup should you need to run it again


  • Inside a dialog you can navigate with the cross
  • With space you select a checkbox
  • Moving between <Ok> and <Cancel> can be down with the use of TAB ( Tap Fn then tap Space )
  • Acknowledge with Enter

Network connection instructions:


  • Use network-manager


  • Use ceni network manager

(Optional) Update of Pandian system

  • After you setup your Pandora, it is useful to update your system. It is a rolling release, which means since the image was made, the system is forever updated with new packages.
  • open a terminal
  • get root ( command is: "su" )
  • enter "apt-get update" to download package information from the repositories
  • enter "apt-get upgrade" to update all packages that are out of date

(pandian packages are also updated this way :)

Upgrade from "minimal" to "normal"

It is possible to upgrade from the "minimal"-image to the "normal"-image. This can simlpy be done by installing the pandian-lxde debian package

  • get an connection to the internet(tm) with ceni
  • open an terminal
  • get root ( with command: "su" )
  • update package list with: "apt-get update"
  • install debian-lxde with "apt-get install debian-lxde"

(Optional) Information

Additional Users/Groups

There are additional Users/Groups added to the standard debian-users


  • admin
This superuser privilege is used by sudo for admin task like shutdown etc.
  • mpd
This user/group has access to mpd-related files ( socket, pid-files )


  • If the lid is closed only the screen will be disabled
Low-Power-Mode / Shutdown
  • Switch to left: Pandora will go to low power mode ( reduce CPU, Disable LID, Pause processes )
  • Switch to right: Shutdown the pandora


  • This script handles all system-related stuff, like lid, low-power, usb or wifi.
  • This should run as root


Command What's done
/usr/sbin/pdcmd LCDBright + Increase the light of the lid
/usr/sbin/pdcmd LCDBright - Decrease the light of the lid
/usr/sbin/pdcmd LCDBright 10 Set the Brightness of the lid to 10
/usr/sbin/pdcmd LCDTrigger Trigger the lid ( WARNING: THIS DISABLES THE LID ! )
/usr/sbin/pdcmd USBNetTrigger Enable the USB-Networking (module g_ether). If usbnetworking is on, it will disable it
/usr/sbin/pdcmd USBHostTrigger Enable the USB-Host (module ehci-hcd). If USB-Host is on, it will disable it
/usr/sbin/pdcmd WLANTrigger Enable Wifi. If Wifi is enabled it will be disabled

Old releases

Mark2 minimal-hf2014-01-02

Version Description Included Link Checksums (sha256)
minimal pandian without any Desktop environment but with the basic pandian package nano filedropper: pandian-mark2-minimal-hf2014-01-02 pandian-mark2-minimal-hf_2014-01-02.7z
pandian-mark2-minimal-hf_2014-01-02.7z a35106473e54c55d64c7eae2088d8c267b605baf17d5338b8e2938dbfe3c01ca
pandian-mark2-minimal-hf_2014-01-02.img c68a42c1aef0238c1dd6ff33b628a2c0dea812a7b5b2d906afb185f93f940f84
minimal-networking fix HotFix for pandian-mark2-minimal-hf_2014-01-02 Instructions dhcp, network manager filedropper: pandian-mark2-minimal-networking_2014-01-02.tar.gz pandian-mark2-minimal-networking_2014-01-02.tar.gz
4cf802391360e5bf183e9d4b5fe8b6f407b3e476baec7b5b0aa7340796680ae6 pandian-mark2-minimal-networking_2014-01-02.tar.gz
Network Fix for pandian-minimal

If you download the pandian-mark2-minimal-hf_2014-01-02 image there is a lack of tools for setup wifi networking.
Note: For the actual download of pandian-minimal, wifi-network-tools are included

  • Therefore download the fix and place it on the SD-Card where pandian is installed. (you need to have local superuser privileges on your own system as the SD contents aren't owned by your user)
  • Boot pandian-minimal
  • login with user: "root"
  • switch to root-directory: "cd /"
  • untar the network-fix: "tar -xf /path-where-file-is-located/pandian-mark2-minimal-networking_2014-01-03.tar.gz"
  • setup the fix with command "pdMinimalNetwork"
  • after the script is finished, run "ceni" and setup your wifi-connection


Full debian GNU/Linux 7.2 codename Wheezy (stable) with LXDE desktop environment
hardfloat armv7l released Date: 29.09.2013 forum link


  • Hard-Float-ABI
  • Ext4 Root for better performance
  • Working Touch-Screen
  • Working Nubs
  • Screen-Off on LID-Close
  • Low-Power-Mode
  • WLAN
  • Music ( with Sonata/MPD )
  • Automount


  • Assistant for tzdata
  • libpnd - PND-Support
  • OpenGL not tested yet
  • Aptitude
  • Minimal-Network-Installation
  • Pandian-Debian-Repository for special packages ( libpnd, touch-screen-calibrator )
  • of course, in-system-documentation ( Documentation on the pandora )

Download here

Forum thread


note: It is assumed here, that the card-reader load the card as /dev/sdc. Please check before which device is your SD-card ! This can be checked with gparted. Minimum requirement 2GB SD-card.

  1. Download Image ( as 7z )
  2. Verify md5-checksum:
    pandian-stable-hf_2013-09-29.001.7z 2a85bbb40bbe7c6e8f92f058e150951a
    pandian-stable-hf_2013-09-29.001.img e62d101dc708de49af1ca7743e2df2bd
  3. Unzip with 7z ( in Linux with 7zr e <image.7z> )
  4. Copy image to SD-Card ( dd if=<image.img> of=/dev/sdx ) Don't specify "bs="

Username: Pandian
Root password: Root (change after intsallation as per instructions below)

  1. Open a terminal
  2. Type "su"
  3. Type "passwd"
  4. Enter your new root password when prompted, and then again to confirm.
  5. Dont forget your password


Default installation is limited to 2GB, if you want to expand it, you can, provided you have installed it on a bigger SD-card and want to make use of the space.

  • Size will be changed with parted
  • parted /dev/sdx
  • show size with "print free"
  1. (parted) print free # Model: USB Mass Storage Device (scsi)
  2. Disk /dev/sdc: 7965MB# Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B# Partition Table: msdos
Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
32,3kB 1049kB 1016kB Free Space
1 1049kB 53,5MB 52,4MB primary fat32
2 53,5MB 1933MB 1879MB primary ext4
1933MB 7965MB 6032MB Free Space

we would like to resize the second partition to the nearly end ( -512MB for swap )

  1. (parted) resizepart # Partition number? 2 # Warning: Partition /dev/sdc2 is being used. Are you sure you want to continue?# Yes/No? YES # End? [1933MB]? 7453MB this is how the partitions looks like after

(parted) print free * Model: USB Mass Storage Device (scsi)* Disk /dev/sdc: 7965MB* Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B* Partition Table: msdos

Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
32,3kB 1049kB 1016kB Free Space
1 1049kB 53,5MB 52,4MB primary fat32
2 53,5MB 7453MB 7400MB primary ext4
7453MB 7965MB 512MB Free Space

create Swap (optional)

(parted) mkpart primary linux-swap Start? 7453MB End? 7965MB

this is how the partitions looks like after

(parted) print free * Model: USB Mass Storage Device (scsi)* Disk /dev/sdc: 7965MB* Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B* Partition Table: msdos

Number Start End Size Type File system Flags
32,3kB 1049kB 1016kB Free Space
1 1049kB 53,5MB 52,4MB primary fat32
2 53,5MB 7453MB 7400MB primary ext4
7453MB 7453MB 278kB Free Space
7453MB 7965MB 512MB primary Free Space

disregard the 4th entry, the new resized partition is the last one.

resize filesystem

  • resize2fs /dev/sdc2

create swap

  • mkswap /dev/sdc3